The civil rights movements were formed in order to restore some civil rights that the minority groups were denied. Among the minority groups were the African Americans and other people of color. The rights that they were denied included the right to vote among others. The reconstruction era was a period when the southern states and the Northern States were to be united after surrendering of the Southern Army.
The reconstruction period was an era characterized by many economic, social, and political problems. Though the reforms called for liberation of the minorities, this was not achieved. This called for the emergence of the civil right movements.