The country was under the colony of Spain since 1522 and gained its independence in 1811 after its indigenous people overcame the Spanish authorities through protests.
It is of paramount importance to note that the country was the first American country colonized by Spain to gain independence. However, Venezuela gained full independence in 1830. The country has been under the leadership of military in the 19th century up to 20th century. The first time Venezuela saw democracy was between 1945 and 1948 and this was a common phenomenon in the Latin America (Pearn, 2007).