According to this particular theory, humans have a tendency to learn from the external variables present in their surroundings. The theory gives specific regard to the degree to which employees are vulnerable to these external variables (Bradford & Burke, 2005). In accordance with the social cognitive theory, these external variables can be classified into environmental variables, personal variables and already present behavioral attributes.The model considers that change comes about as a result of an individual’s desire to improve and develop over time (Rickles, Wertheimer, & Smith, 2009). Employees, in order to go through change, must be not only willing to go through change but should also be confident in their ability to change and their ability to handle change. An element of this theory that merits highlighting at this point is that operant conditioning is a highly imperative part of this theory and it is therefore imperative for external variables to be present in a manner such that they encourage individuals to consider change (Haslam, 2003). Needless to say, the presence of an optimistic approach towards change acquires a pivotal position in the change process.