Essay: Virginia Plan

Sample Essay

Many delegates also felt that congress did not have the authority to completely scrap the Articles of the Confederation. Virginia proposed a plan which would allow the creation of a bicameral legislature. According to this plan members of the upper and lower house would be elevated according to the population of each state. Smaller states felt however they would not be adequately represented and the New Jersey plan was presented which offered an equal number of seats to all states regardless of population. A compromise was reached which would grant the Virginia plan a place in the lower house while the New Jersey plan would be used in the upper house. This was known as the great compromise and created the United States Senate and the House of Representatives after eleven days of voting (Encarta).

Thus, it was eventually decided that all states would have an equal say in all parts of the government and representatives of states would be seated in the House of Representatives. The president would have command of the military and could appoint federal officials. A single supreme court would be created, with congress having control over the lower federal courts for each state. The issue of slavery however was not resolved and it was decided that it would not be debated again for 20 years (Encarta).

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