Students’ learning is mostly influenced by how they behave in the classroom. Even all of the students’ learning can be interrupted if even student has inappropriate behavior. It is the key responsibility of the teacher to manage the classroom in such adequate manner that it reinforces and encourages learning. Both punishments and rewards systems are used by educators to help students in effective learning. Behavior is often learned by students by imitating watching others. Learning is mostly detracted by different types of behavior. Thereby, it can be claimed that there are both bad and good effects of behavior in the classroom.
Learning in the classroom can be negatively influenced by different behaviors, such as making noise in the classroom, disturbing other students, not paying significant attention in the classroom, leaving the bench without teacher’s permission. In such cases, the issue must be identified clearly by the teacher, and he/she must figure out methods through which such behaviors can be avoided. The teacher must also focus on how the pattern of expected good behavior can be followed by students. For example, good class behavior can be encouraged by giving rewards to students, like stickers on a chart, extra recess, or prized. Expected behavior will be learned by students in this way. However, one of its negative impacts is that it may also lead students to believe that learning promoted behavior may only be exhibited in case there are chances of having rewards in return.
In contrast to this, punishment is also one of the methods to encourage good classroom behavior in students. Unacceptable behavior may not be exhibited by students if they know that they may have to face bad outcomes in case of violation of rules. However, punishment also has one great negative impact. It often leads the student to learn to cheat or lie in order to avoid punishment such as sent to the office of the principal, skip recess or extra work assigned.
Thereby, it is necessary that outcomes related to real-life situations must be provided as examples in order to reinforce acceptable classroom behavior. As the world always not reward or punish individuals to make them behave in a specific manner. It is highly mandatory that students must learn that there are specific outcomes and natural rewards that originally are driven by different kinds of behavior. Some schools have maintained specific sets of rules along with teams for school improvement that study the impacts of behavior on learning and thereby make adjustments in rules accordingly. In addition, for identification of issues related to behavior the community members and colleagues must work collaboratively and set such examples through which good behavior can be encouraged in classrooms.
It is important to consider that positive behaviors of students can be best supported and developed through means of clearly highlighted expected behaviors, classroom practices, and relation-based throughout school-practices. As challenging behavior is presented by some students and thereby require extra interventions and support for addressing their behavior and help them in developing positive behaviors. Positive behavior can be promoted through behavioral approaches and expectations. For this, a student engagement policy must be developed by schools that indicate the outcomes for exceeding the behavioral expectations.