The second problem is chronic sorrow, and the short-term goal is to change the negative thinking process. The nursing intervention is to encourage Mr. Tsindos to be cheerful, pointing out the positive happenings in his life. The encouragement should include the benefits of a positive mind and being positive. This should be done daily.
The long-term goal is for him to get out of his sorrow and become more cheerful. This will be achieved by treating him, and ensuring that he gets well enough and gains enough strength to take part in what he loved once more. This should be done on a daily basis during care. The second intervention is to allow his friends to visit him in hospital so they can cheer him up. This should be done whenever they are in the hospital for a visit.