Thesis: Deductive and Inductive Methods to Research

Sample Thesis Paper

The deductive method is one of the methods of quantitative approach of research and is based on arriving at conclusions by narrowing down the research process at the end. In the deductive method a researcher starts with various principles and logical rules to derive a conclusion. If the principles the researcher starts with are accurate then the conclusions of the research are also accurate. The researcher starts from general premises and principles of logic and eventually arrives at a specific conclusion after deducting these premises or principles (Mitra and Bokil 2008).

The deductive approach starts with generalised theories and assumptions and moves forward by narrowing down to a specific conclusion in a discipline or area of study. The deductive approach is based on previous researches and tests previously established research hypotheses instead of establishing new hypotheses. This approach also called the top down approach moves from a generalised pattern to a particular and specific pattern to derive conclusions. It is important to note that this method accepts or rejects a previously established hypothesis instead of formulating a new hypothesis (Belkaoui 2004).

Inductive Method

The inductive method of research involves the formulation of a particular hypothesis about something which was previously unknown. In a research based on inductive approach a particular research area is selected and various assumptions, principles or facts are implemented into the research to arrive at generalised conclusions. Researches based on the inductive method should provide a clear step by step flow of research and explain the components of the research to avoid ambiguity (Goldbort 2006).

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