Sample Thesis Paper
Marx was an avid believer in dialectic materialism. His perception held that the continuous tussle and struggle between the classes found in a society was the leading cause of the change that the society underwent (Marger, 2007). Marx held no doubt in his perception of the five stages that a society went through in the process of its evolution. To Marx, capitalism was nothing more than one of these stage before absolute communism could prevail. To Marx, capitalism came about when a revolution against the government began to take root in the economic infrastructure of the society (Marxism, 2006).
Weber, on the other hand, stressed more on the reasons and affects of capitalism rather than the eventuality to which it led. To Weber, capitalism was intricately associated to protestant reformation. The fundamental beliefs that Protestants held were the primary contributors to the steady foundation of capitalism. From Weber’s point of view, the eventual formation of classes in the society was not an element that should be opposed or considered to be opposed because it allowed for each man to pursue his desires in accordance with the resources he had at hand. Weber was of the opinion that capitalism does not increase segmentation negatively in a society. In contrast to Marx, Weber’s perception indicates that the eventualities of capitalism are far from catastrophic (Grabb, 2006, pp. 45-70). For Weber, capitalism allowed the development of skills in a society and promoted specialization trends amongst the labors. Needless to say, Weber’s classes were separated from each other and identified as distinguishable with relevance to the degree of access to resources and means of production that each class is entitled to.