Sample Thesis Paper
Additionally the Act also specified that landfills must have a permit to be created and filled. However before its creation it must be classified as a hazardous waste, inert waste or non-hazardous waste landfill so that only relevant waste can be deposited there. It also gave guidelines for the incineration of waste (Office of Public Sector Information 1990).
When we consider the waste that is produced from construction and demolition we must consider the materials that are produced from these industries. This includes items such as concrete, wood, asphalt, gypsum, metals, bricks, glass, plastics, salvaged building components and tree stumps, earth and rocks from clearing sites. The EPA contends to increase the reusability and recyclability of these items so that companies can avoid disposal expenses. A study of the amount of waste made by construction and demolition industry found that it created 90 million tons in 2003. Of this 50% was recycled, 18% was spread on empty land and 32% ended up in a landfill (Voronova 2006).
Many companies have realized that in order to remain competitive in today’s environmentally conscious market they must take steps to ensure that not only their workers but also their sub-contracted workers fulfill their obligations to safeguard the environment. In order to take responsibility for their own actions companies have taken it upon themselves to participate in three steps which will increase their environmental knowledge and experience. Firstly, they must monitor the amount of waste that the company produces. Secondly, in order to carry out projects such as opening oil refineries companies now have to create a report which not only details the processes that will be used in running these installations but also assess the impact it will have on the local nature, wildlife as well as the human population. The last one is to ensure the continuing flow of information so that they can make the best decision assessing the risks to both the company and the environment (Parkinson 1995).