Sample Thesis Paper
Meanwhile, the cordial relations between the U.S. government and the Taliban leadership quickly turned sour as the religious extremism and human rights violations engaged in by the Taliban became difficult to ignore. Compounding the situation was that the Taliban welcomed the presence of Al Qaeda, with which it had an ideological and religious affinity, and its leader, Osama bin Laden. Training camps for Al Qaeda forces were supported in the country and the two movements often trained fighters together (Ayub & Kuovo, 2008). The relationship was further cemented when Al Qaeda operatives assassinated the Taliban’s nemesis, Massoud, the Northern Alliance leader days before Al Qaeda launched its infamous September 11, 2001 attacks on the U.S.
The U.S. with its allies responded to the September 11 attacks by demanding that the Taliban turn over Osama bin Laden and other Al Qaeda leaders for prosecution. When the Taliban essentially refused the demand, calling for the U.S. to provide definitive proof of Bin Laden’s culpability, the official recognition of the Taliban government was withdrawn by the few Muslim countries that had extended it, with the exception of Pakistan. On October 7, 2001, the U.S. began bombing suspected Al Qaeda and Taliban training camps in Afghanistan. Efforts to strengthen and support the Northern Alliance were rapidly undertaken by the U.S. and several of the coalition countries and the Northern Alliance forces quickly swept through much of the country, unseating the Taliban in Kabul by mid-November. In December of 2001 the Taliban leadership had been effectively dislodged from all of the nation’s major cities and Taliban loyalists dispersed throughout the country (Ayub & Kuovo, 2008).