Sample Thesis Paper
According to the UN, it defines human smuggling as procurement which is aimed obtaining a directly or indirectly financial or material benefit, of the illegal entry of a person into a State Party of which the person is not a national or permanent resident.While human trafficking as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, receipt of individuals by means of forms of coercion, (Christopher 2002). of the abuse, of benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. The other distinction between the two related terms is the fact that human smuggling is a Transnational crimes activity, while human trafficking occurs as a Transnational crimes activity and as well within states.
The issue of human trafficking and smuggling results to further complications in relation to the criminal issues and scope of the cross border immigration policing. The issue is caused by various factors and accelerated by speeding up of globalization. These factors are in terms of socio-cultural, geographical, economic, historical and political. Amongst the mentioned factors, the major determinant is the economic factor. This is especially poverty disparities which are brought a bout by economic gap amongst the countries in our globe today (Marie 2004).