Sample Thesis Paper
Work by Bullen (1993) concluded that port developments and sea wall defence construction along the coasts of South Wales promoted erosion, whereas similar findings were reported by Cipriani et al (1999), following port developments at Marina di Massa, Tuscany, where 7km of beaches sustained severe erosion following the construction of an industrial harbour in 1920s. Gille (1997) quoted that sea wall construction in the Pacific Islands aggravated the coastal erosion problem in the studied area. Basco (1999) however, published work attempting to clarify misconceptions with regards to erosion caused by sea walls and Wiegel (2002) believed that coastal defence walls can cause erosion only in special circumstances.
Relevant literature referring to coastline changes in the United Kingdom has revealed significant erosion in the east and south-east English coast secondary to sea-level rise and coastal vulnerability to flooding. Paar et al (2008) have published their work on the application of the interactive landscape visualisation system Biosphere3D in the study of cliff erosion along the northeast coast of Norfolk, eastern England. This research has attempted to assess erosion risks and link cliff erosion with climate change. Dornbusch et al (2006) attempted to measure cliff retreat rates of chalk cliff along the English side of the entire eastern English Channel over the last 125 years using a geographic information system (ESRI ArcView GIS) and data deriving from Orthophotos and historic maps. Areas of retreat and retreat rates along the eastern coast revealed significant variations. Thumerer et al (2000) published work for the development of GIS-based models which could assist in the assessment and analysis of flood risks along the east coast of England secondary to climate change. Wolters et al (2005) have provided an excellent review of the physical and biological processes that have contributed to the rapid saltmarshes erosion in the south-east England since 1960 concluding that coastal squeeze has been the main driving force of the erosion, whereas Hughes and Palamor (2004) have developed alternative explanations and hypotheses for saltmarsh erosion in the south-east English estuaries and have attempted to compare this region of UK with other locations around the country where saltmarshes are important but not eroding.
The previously cited published work has accentuated the importance of monitoring the complex coastal processes which lead to morphological changes in the coastline. These changes are of course of scientific interest but they also have impacts on human populations living in the coastal zone.